Download PDF (Size: 124 KB)
Feeley and Simon (1992) identify an emerging trend in criminology. They argue that a new penology has developed that has different goals, ideologies, and practices than was employed in the 1970s and preceding decades. One of the results of the new penology is continuous criminal justice supervision for the underclasses. This population is segmented into various areas of the criminal justice system based on their supposed risk to society. The criminal justice system becomes, then, a risk management system that regulates the poor and unemployed under the guise of keeping the rest of the populace safe. My primary data sources are observations and interviews with police officers in a major California city. This research is a preliminary indication of the role that the police play in the new penology. I argue that through proactive or self-initiated policing tactics, patrol officers focus on individuals on probation or parole for a variety of reasons.
Lori Beth Way is Associate Professor and coordinator of the criminal justice program at the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences of the California State University in Chico. She earned her Ph.D. from the Maxwell School at Syracuse University. Her research interests fall into the broad categories of police discretion, women and the criminal justice system, women and politics, and public law. She is currently working on projects that consider proactive (or self-directed) police patrol, police and city efforts to deal with large scale events, and Supreme Court justices' concurrences. Most recent publications: With Rick Ruddell and Matthew Thomas: "Breaking the chain: Confronting issueless campus disturbances and riots". In: Journal of Criminal Justice 33 (6), November/December 2005, pp. 549-560; with Charles C. Turner: "Disagreement on the Rehnquist Court: The Dynamics of Supreme Court Concurrence". In: American Politics Research 34 (3), 2006, pp. 293-318.